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第127課: ~とおりに & ~ように

通り literally means "street" or way in which something goes or is transmitted. However, it is often used similar to English "as...say." 

とおり

     The とおり of this discussion is an adverbial noun and describes the way in which something is supposed to be like. It may seem very similar to ~ように, but there are few slight differences. It is essentially a means of paraphrasing to show that something is being done 100% the same way as something.

~ように, on the other hand, is used in telling/showing that something is being done similarly to what it attaches to. There is also an added sense of hope from the speaker, which makes that 100% unattainable even more so. There is interchangeability when one is illustrating and showing hope, but if it is stilted to one side, it becomes inappropriate.

When attached directly to nouns, とおり becomes どおり. To attach ~ように after a noun, you need to make it ~のように. Also, both of these patterns can be in between noun phrases as ~どおりの and ~のような respectively. 

1. 私()がする()りにしてください。
    Do it just as I do.

2. 彼女()先生()()けた()りに()()けました。
    She arranged the flowers just like her teacher did.

3. 言()った()りにしました。
    I did it just as you said.

4. 僕()想像()した()りだよ。
    It's just as I imagined it.

5. 全()()のいうとおりだね。
    It's completely like you said, isn't it?

6. 忘れないように書きます。
    I will write it down so I won't forget.

7. よく見えるように(体を)高く持ち上げてもらった。
    I had some one lift me up high in order to see well. 

8. お知らせしたように
    Just as I informed you

9. 自分の思い通りにする。
    To have it one's own way.

10.求刑きゅうけい結果けっかだが、予想通よそうどおりだ。
     These are the results of the prosecution; it was just as expected. 

11.おおむ平常通へいじょうどおりです。
     Things are basically just as normal.

12. 以下のように
      As below

13. ご存知(ぞんじ)の{ように・ごとく}
     As you know

              In prayer or wishing, ~ように is used after the polite auxiliary ~ます.

14.成功しますように。
     I pray you succeed.

15. どうか大学試験(だいがくしけん)()かりますように。
      I do hope I will pass the college exam.

Exercises

Translate into Japanese (1-3)

1. For this reason, I decline.

2. It's just as he imagined it, isn't it?

3. She might not know yet.

4. Create a sentence using ため.

5. What is せんがため a variant of?

6. Create a sentence with かもしれない.

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