第151課: The Particle を II: With Intransitive Verbs

The particle を causes problems for students when its usage diverges from marking the direct object of a sentence. This lesson will tackle its use with intransitive verbs to mean "through."

Motion & Dimension: Through

を means “through” with these verbs of motion and dimension. Since motion verbs are intransitive, を indicates that the motion taking place covers the whole dimension or some portion of the place (Kuroda 1978). 

1. マラソンを()る。
   To run a marathon.

2. 年月(ねんげつ)()る。
    Years go by.

3. ()()く。
    To walk through the street.

4. ()()ぶ。
    To fly through the sky.

5. ()()()()く。
      To go through the rain to the train station.

6. 川を渡る。
   To cross a river.

7. 角を曲がる。
   To turn a corner.  

When を is after a noun of departure, it may be interchangeable with から. However, if used with a point of departure depicted abstractly such as leaving high school because of graduation, から cannot be used. 

8. 飛行機{から・を}降りる。
  To get off an airplane.

9. 子供達が教室{から・を}出た。
  The children left (from) the classroom. 

10.  自国{を・から}離れる。
  To be separate/be separated from one's home country.

11a. 大学()卒業()する。〇
11b. 大学から卒業する。X
       To graduate from college.

12a. {学校()仕事()会社()}をやめる。〇
12b. {学校・仕事・会社}からやめる。X
        To quit {school/work/the company}.