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第52課: The Particle のに

This particle is very similar in grammar to ので. However, it serves a different function. 


~のに follows the  of a conjugatable part of speech. So, when using the copula, say ~なのに. Because it wants the 連体形, it wants to be after a predicate phrase. So, this particle never actually attaches to nouns. Rather it attaches to the copula verb used with the noun. Thus, ~なのに is not a separate point at all and is merely a product of following the rule of how to connect things with ~のに.

~のに shows that the latter statement differs from the former, "although". Again, the second clause has to be contrary to what is expected from the first clause. If not, ~が or ~ても should be used. It is not uncommon to see it used as a final particle. 

 Nouns 犬のに Must use copula
 形容詞 新しのに Must not use copula
 形容動詞 簡単なのに Must use copula
 Verbs 食べのに Must not use copula

Grammar Note: ~のに is a combination of の and に. ~だのに is used by some speakers and is viewed as being rather dialectical. Do not use it in Japanese class because you would be marked wrong.

1. あら、2べたのに、またおわり? (Feminine)
    My goodness, you've already had two helpings, but you want another one? 

2. 急いでいるのに、バスが来なくて、りました。
    Although I was in a hurry, the bus didn't come, so I was troubled. 

3. 彼はとてもっているのに元気ですよ。
    Although he's very old, he's healthy!

4. あれだけがんばって教えたのに私の生徒たちはみなこの前の試験に合格しませんでした。
    Despite after all I did, all my students didn't pass the last exam.

5. (周囲(しゅうい)の)反対(はんたい)をおして怪我をしているのに、(たたか)い続けた。
    Despite voices of opposition around me and my injuries, I continued to fight.

6. その服、すごくぼろぼろなのに、まだ着てるんだね。
    Although those clothes are really worn-out, you're still wearing them, aren't you. 

7. 姉は75歳になるのに、まだフランス語の家庭教師をやっている。
   Although my older sister is turning 75, she still gives French tutorials (to students). 

Spelling Note: せっかく can be written as 折角.

8. 食べないの? せっかく作ったのに。
You're not going to eat it? Even though I went through all the trouble of making it?

9. 早く雨が上がるといいなあ。〇
    It would be good for the rain to let up quickly...


~たらいいのに shows regret. It is often used with the potential. It can also be used in proposal of ideas. It is normally translated as "if only".

10. 彼ともう一度会えたらいいのに。
     I wish I was able to meet with him one more time.

11. (お)金持ちだったらいいのになあ。
      It would be nice if I were rich.

12.  空を飛べたらいいなあ。
      Wouldn't it be nice if I could fly…


~ばいいのに・ばいいのだが・ば{なあ・ねえ} are like "although it would be good if you". This suggests that the person is doing the contrary. "You" doesn't have to be the only subject. It could be an "it". 

13. そんなに日本語を勉強したいなら、日本へ行けばいいのに。
     If you really want to study Japanese so badly, then it'd be good for you to just go to Japan.

14. 雨がやめばいいのだが。
     Although it would be nice for the rain to end...

15. 彼はもう少しゴルフがうまければなあ。
      If only he could be a little better at golf.

16. 「このごろふとっちゃって...」「もっと運動うんどう(を)すればいいのに。テニスとかバスケとか(して)はどう?」
“I've been getting fat recently” “It would be nice if you exercised more. How about doing tennis, basketball, or something?”

17. 「漢字が覚えられないんです」「辞書じしょを引けばいいのに」
      “I can't remember Kanji” “It would be nice if you used a dictionary”. 

18. 「漢字が覚えられないんです」「毎日読めばいいのに」 
     “I can't remember Kanji” “It would be nice if you read”.

19. 前向まえむきに考えればいいのに。
      It would be nice if you thought positively.

20. 「試験しけんてんが悪くて...」「もっと勉強すればいいのに」
    “I did bad on my exam” “It would be nice if you studied more”.

Nuance Note: ~ばいいのに is a little cold. So, more nicer patterns to suggest things to people or your friends include ~たらどうですか and  ~たらいいとおもいます. You can also add context to make the suggestion more 柔らかい "soft". 

21. 「お金がなくて、こまってるんだ」 「仕事を探せばいいのに。最低賃金でも一文いちもんなしより(かは)いいだろう」
"I'm troubled because I don't have any money" "It would be nice if you got a job. Minimum wage is better than being penniless".

22. 一日40時間あればいいのに。
      I wish there was 40 hours in a day.

23. 雨がはげしく降ればよかったのに。
     I wish it would have poured. 

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