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第41課: The Particle から

In this lesson we will learn how to say "from" with the particle から. 

The Case Particle から

から means "from". Just as in English it may mark a point of transit or starting, place of departure, starting time, order, in XからYまで to mean "," cause as in "due to," and is also the "from" used with "change," "made," "receive," "hear from," etc. This mainly goes after nominal phrases, but it is also possible for it to come after temporal adverbial expressions. 

1. 左から    (左 is a noun) 
    From the left 

2. 生後間せいごまもなくから  (間もなく is adverbial)
    Not long after birth 

Particle Notes

1. As for "receive," から can show receiving from anything whereas に is limited to people. Thus, one could say that に shows a closer relationship as it is limited to human interaction. 

2. When used to show the place of transit or departure, it may be replaced by を. 


3. 太陽たいようひがしからのぼります。
    The sun rises in the east.

4. 隙間すきまから放射性物質ほうしゃせいぶっしつれるおそれがあります。
    There is a fear that radioactive material is leaking from an opening.

5. 震源しんげん仙台せんだいからキロはなれています。
    The epicenter is a couple kilometers from Sendai.

6. ヨーロッパからブラジルへ船で行きました。
    I went to Brazil from Europe by boat. 

7. 日本語()授業(じゅぎょう)()9時から()まります。
    Japanese class begins at 9 o'clock in the morning.

8. 会議かいぎは3からまります。
  The meeting will begin at 3 o' clock.

9. 来年()から開始(かいし)します。
  We will start next year. 

10. 子犬()から(そだ)てたよ。
   I raised it from (since it was) a puppy.

11. 彼女()はウェイトレスからそのレストランの支配人(しはいにん)になりました。
   She rose from a waitress to become the manager of that restaurant.

12. ハーバート・フーヴァーは商務長官(しょうむちょうかん)から大統領(だいとうりょう)になりました。
    Herbert Hoover rose from the Secretary of Commerce to the presidency.

13. その記事(きじ)(すみ)から()まで()んだ。
   I read that article from beginning to the end.

14. 二歳にさいから六歳ろくさいまでの子供こどもがいた。
   There were children from two to six years old.

15. この()からあの()まで()れ!
   Run from this river to the mountain over there!

16. 彼()責任感(せきにんかん)から辞職(じしょく)した。
     He resigned from office due to a sense of responsibility. 

17. 裁判官さいばんかん目付めつきから加害者かがいしゃ判断はんだんをした。
    The judge judged the assailant from his looks.  

18. 大人おとなから診察しんさつします。
   I will examine people starting from the adults.

19. これらのコンピューターは各種(かくしゅ)5万()からです。
   These computers start at 50,000 yen.

20. パンは小麦粉(こむぎこ)から(つく)る。
   You make bread out of/from flour.

21. 彼は不注意ふちゅうい階段かいだんからちた。
   He fell down the staircase due to carelessness.

22. 台座だいざぎんからる。
   To make a pedestal from silver.

23. 日本()北海道()本州()九州()四国()という4つの()きい()からなっています。
   Japan consists of four large islands Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku.

24. その()先生()から()きました。
   I heard that story from my teacher.

Particle Note: から is interchangeable with に in the sense of receiving.

25. 昨日きのうからずっとここにいる。
   I have been here since yesterday. 

26. 反撃はんげきみなみから来た。
   A counterattack came from the south.

27. 不注意ふちゅういからくる失敗
 Failure (coming) from carelessness

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