Nouns are the easiest words to learn in a foreign language. Memorizing them all isn't easy, but at least they're simple to use.
Most nouns represent people, places, events, or things. Japanese isn't related to English, but there are plenty of loanwords from English and loanwords from Japanese in English.
Geography Note: 本州 is the main island of Japan. The top island is 北海道, and the other two major islands are 四国and 九州.
1. Think of all the things you know in Japanese.
2. See if you know any places in Japan on a globe/map.
3. Research who the Prime Minister of Japan is.
Nouns have no number or gender, and there are no articles. Making things nominal is very important to Japanese. So, saying nouns are either people, places, or things is no good. The definition of a noun may be difficult, but you'll learn what things are nominal.
Pluralization Note: You can generally use ～たち to make things plural, but this suffix usually points out a group of things/people. In this sense, it is not like the simple "-s" suffix for plurals in English.
(A group of) dogs
There are many loanwords from English in Japanese. The chart below has several, ignoring those that have drastically changed. They are Japanese words now, so don't use English pronunciations.
|アイスクリーム||Ice cream||ビデオゲーム||Video game||オレンジジュース||Orange juice|
Japanese has many pronouns that differ in politeness, gender orientation, etc. All pronouns come from words that referred to people. Because you don't have the framework to make sentences yet, only the most essential pronouns will be mentioned.
|I||わた（く）し|| 1. わたくし is respectful and わたし is polite/neutral. |
2. In 漢字 both are 私.
3. Stick to わたし until you understand others.
4. わたくし can sound pompous outside of honorifics.
5. Outside of polite speech, わたし sounds slightly feminine.
|You||あなた|| 1. The most neutral word for "you" is あなた. |
2. It is direct, so use a name if possible instead.
3. It can mean "dear" when used by women to their spouses.
|He||彼||1. 彼 can be used to mean boyfriend in casual speech.|
|She||彼女|| 1. 彼女 can mean "girlfriend" in casual speech. |
2. 彼 and 彼女 often refer to friends/acquaintances but can indifferently refer to people.