There are several terms for "interjection". They may be called 感動詞, 間投詞, or 感嘆詞. Interjections may be outbursts of emotion while others are simply greetings (挨拶). Some are nasty pejoratives, others simply internet slang. Due to this diversity, we are going to study interjections with the following categories.
|Interjections of Yelling||かけ声の間投詞|
|Interjections of Response||応答の間投詞|
|Interjections of Appeal||呼びかけの間投詞|
|Interjections of Salutation||挨拶の間投詞|
| Slang Interjections||俗語的な間投詞|
| Onomatopoeic Interjections||擬声語的な間投詞|
This lesson won't show every interjection nor every variant, but this should hopefully help find about the most important ones.
|Ah||ああ||It can be used to show surprise, grief, joy, etc. and also as a light response. In the latter case it's often just あ.|
|Oh||おう・おお||Used when moved (emotionally) by something, sudden remember something, or agree with something.|
|Thank you||どうもありがとう・おおきに・サンキュー・三Q||大きに is famous for being from Kansai Dialects. サンキュー comes from English and is used in casual settings. The second spelling is common in internet slang.|
|Oh my||おや（おや）||It shows a little distrust when met with something unexpected.|
|Goodness||やれ（やれ）||Used when relieved, tired, dejected, and bewildered.|
|ああ・わあ||Ah||わあ is often used by females but not limited to them. The adverb わあと also exists.|
|よいしょ||Sound of when you are lifting up something heavy.|
|えいや||Sound one makes when pulling something with strength.|
|おい||Hey!||Comes from Satsuguu Dialect for punishing people.|
|おっと||Oops||Used mainly by middle-aged people and older.|
|ファック||F***||This is not used like in English frequency-wise, and it's not a given that the speaker knows it is a bad word in English.|
|やった||＃ did it!|
|Um||えーと||えーと is a very casual spelling. ええと and えっと are regular spellings.|
|No||い（い）え・いや・ううん・や（ー）だ||やだ is quite casual and is more like "that's bad".|
|Eh?||え（っ）||May show doubt when surprised at something or when you want something to be repeated.|
|Oh, yes?||へえ||Shows surprise at something.|
|Sorry||ごめんなさい・申しわけありません・すみません||See Lesson 26 for more variants.|
|Yeah||そうですね||This is even said when you will then show disagreement. In that case, it would be followed with something like そうかといって.|
| Not at all||とんでもない||See below.|
|What?||何||Of course, it has variants like 何だ.|
|Indeed||なるほど||Used in agreement or recognition of what someone said.|
|Let me see||はて・はてな||Used when one is suspecting or thinking about something.|
| Not really||別に||Maybe accompanied by the verb that is omitted.|
|No use arguing||問答無用|
|Wow||あら||Often used by women.|
| Of course||もちろん|
| Hey there; I say||これは（これは）|
|Have a nice day||行ってらっしゃい|
|Hello (on the telephone)||もしもし|
| Excuse me||失礼します|
| Good morning||おはようございます|
| Good afternoon||今日は|
| Good evening||今晩は|
| Good night||お休みなさい|
|How are you?; farewell||ご機嫌よう|
|See you later||また明日・あとで|
|Long time no see||久しぶりですね・久々・調子はどう？|
|Nice to meet you||どうぞよろしく・初めまして|
|Here it comes||キタ|
| Nice to meet you|| 4649 (Internet)|
Usage Note: Words that come from the infamous site 2ちゃんねる are deemed to be used by people with low intelligence. So, avoid using ワロタ.
| Ook ook||きーきー|
| Purr; meow||ごろごろ・にゃあ|
1. The interjections shown in this lesson may easily be categorized differently depending on the situation. Show how this is true with at least two examples.
2. Essentially, onomatopoeic and daily expressions are considered interjections to an extent. Give examples.
3. Interjections in this lesson that are easily manipulated in terms of speech level or pattern abbreviations were only listed with one variant. Show at least 3 examples of this.
4. Create 10 sentences with a different interjection for each one.
5. List the different types of interjections and give at least 3 examples of each.