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第79課: The Non-Question "How": ~方(かた)

This lesson is all about how to address the word “how” in Japanese.It requires that you know a little bit about こそあど and the particles か and でも as related phrases are created with the “how” words to be taught in this lesson. The reason for why “how” was not taught in the first lesson on interrogatives is that a lot more information is involved. Now, it is time to tackle the challenge of expressing “how” in Japanese!

~方: The Non-Interrogative "How”

How to express “how” in Japanese is extremely difficult. For one, how in English doesn't necessarily have to be used as an interrogative. The how in “how to express” describes means/way of doing something. In Japanese, this is expressed with the suffix ~方 attaching to the 連用形 of verbs.

1. 誰か、伝説(でんせつ)のポケモンの(つか)まえ方を教えてくださいませんか。
    Could someone please teach me how to catch legendary Pokemon?

2. どんな言い方をされても()えるしかない?
    No matter what expression is used at me, is there nothing else than to endure?

3. 生き方を変えたい。
    I want to change my way of living. 

4. 本当の自分の知り方を教えていただきました。
    I was taught how to understand my true self. 

5. 不完全な死に方をすると、不完全な(れい)になってしまいますよ。
    If you die an imperfect death, you become an imperfect spirit.

6. しょく塩水えんすいと砂糖水の凍り方を比べてみましょう。
    Let's compare the way to freeze saline solutions and sugar water.

7. 鉄の()かし方を教えてください。
    Please teach me how to melt steel?

8. い方が難しいの?
    Is the sewing technique difficult?

9. 村のおじさんに簡単にできる人の(のろ)い方を教えてもらったんだぞ。
    I had an old village man teach me how to easily curse people. 

10. 山田先生は今日、哺乳(ほにゅう)動物(どうぶつ)の産み方について講座をした。
      Yamada Sensei lectured today about the way mammals give birth.

When you use する verbs, you have to use ~の仕方 after the stem. 

 料理する → 料理の仕方 運転する → 運転の仕方 日本語を勉強する → 日本語の勉強の仕方

11. 海外への電話の仕方を教えてくれませんか。
     Could you tell me how to make overseas phone calls?

12. 神様から好印象を持たれる、正しい初詣の仕方とは何でしょう?
What exactly is the correct way to pay one's visit to the shrine for the first time in the year to win good favor from the gods?

13. 化粧の仕方を見直しましょう。 
      Let's redo your make-up routine. 

 

I'm Moving!

I will moving the think tank, which is myself, to a new location this weekend and will be low on funds for a while. New lessons are still being made, but any donations at this time would greatly be appreciated.
Aside from the Donation tab, there are also two GoFundMe campaigns to help out. 

https://www.gofundme.com/remastering-japanese-curriculum?utm_source=internal&utm_medium=email&utm_content=campaign_link_t&utm_campaign=welcome

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