第97課: Easy & Difficult: ~やすい, ~にくい, & ~づらい

Who knew that expressing easy and difficult could both in fact be slightly difficult in Japanese?  

Part of Speech Note: These endings are all adjectival.  

Easy and Difficult

~やすい, when used with transitive verbs, shows that something is easy to do.When used with intransitive verbs, it means that something is easy to occur.

1. このサンドイッチは小さくて、べやすいよ。
    This sandwich is small and easy to eat.

2. そのペンはとてもきやすいです。
    That pen is very easy to write with.

3. あののぼりやすくない。
   That mountain (over there) isn't easy to climb.

4. 白いシャツはよごれやすい。
    White shirts easily get dirty.  

5. インターネットを使いやすくしたのは誰でしょうか。
    Who was it that made the internet easier to use.

6. 僕にはこの運転うんてんしやすい。
    This car is easy for me to drive.

漢字 Note: The 漢字 spelling is no longer commonly used. It is usually found in older writing. 

Instead of ~やすい, the adjective よい may also be used. This, though, is very old-fashioned or unheard to speakers depending on where the person is from. Some natives may not even recognize it as being correct Japanese, but it does indeed exist. In fact, it is still extremely common even in the form ~いい in 関東弁. Its usage in the capital region is still prevalent in people 60 and older. 

7. 咳止せきどぐすりみよいはずである。(あまり使われていない)
    咳止みやすいはずだ。(Natural)
    The cough medicine should be easy to take.

にくい shows either that something is difficult to do or to occur. ~がたいonly shows the inability to do something, and it is usually restricted to writing and set expressions. Lastly, ~辛い may be used instead of ~にくい to describes undesirable circumstances. These endings attach to the 連用形 of verbs and conjugate as 形容詞. 

8  この()()みにくいです。
    This book is difficult to read.

9a. 歩()()()坂道(さかみち)だ。(ちょっと不自然(ふしぜん)
9b. 坂道()は、()きづらい。(もっと自然()
      A road difficult to walk on is a hill.

10a. 書()きよい漢字()存在(そんざい)するのかな? (Old-fashioned)
10b. 書()きやすい漢字()存在()するのかな?(Natural)
        I wonder if a Kanji that is easy to write exists.

11. 考えにくいと()います。
      I think that is difficult to consider.

12. この()()きにくい。
      This door is difficult to open.

13. 字()(うす)くて、()づら()いです。
      The letters are faded, and it is difficult to read.

14. 生徒達()(みな)()(がた)くて、ぜんぜん言うことに()かなくて、今日()滅多(めった)()まなくて、(こま)ったんです。
My students are all very hard to teach because they never listen to what I say and rarely read IMABI;     I'm very troubled by this.

15. 言()い{(がた)い・にくい・づらい}ことだ。
      It's hard to say.

16. 彼()()()(がた)いやつだな。
      He is a difficult person to get along with isn't he?

17. 彼女()言葉()()()(がた)かった。
      Her speech was difficult to hear.

18. 日本()は住みにくいです。
       Living in Japan is difficult.

19. 彼女はその職の適任者とは言いがたい。 
      It's difficult to say that she is the right candidate for the job.