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第269課: 4 Morae Adverbs

     There are a lot of adverbs that have a 促音, end in り, are onomatopoeic, and are four morae in length. Although there are definitely more adverbs that are four morae in length, this constituency deserves a name. So, they will be referred to as 四音節副詞. 

品詞 Note: If a definition is adjectival, use とした with the word. For example, がっしりとした.

四音節副詞

 Adverb Definition(s)
 あっさり Readily; flatly; easily; plain; frank
 うっかり Inadvertently 
 うっとり Ecstatically; absentmindedly; abstractedly; vacantly 
 おっとり Gently; quietly; calmly
 がっかり Disappointing; dejected; downcast
 かっきり Exactly; flat; sharp even
 がっくり Heartbroken; break down; dash
 がっしり Stout; solid; massive; square
 かっちり Tightly; exactly
 がっちり Solidly built; tightly; shrewd
 がっぷり Firmly; latched onto
 がっぽり In large quantities
 きっかり Promptly; precisely; exactly
 ぎっしり Closely; densely
 きっちり Closely; snug; tightly
 きっぱり Flatly; absolutely; completely
 くっくり Sharply; clearly; clear-cut
 ぐっすり Soundly
 ぐったり Completely exhausted; dead tired; limp
 げっそり Being disheartened; loosing weight
 こっきり Just; only 
 こっそり Stealthily; secretly
 ごっそり Completely; wholly; entirely
 こってり Thickly; heavily; severely; strongly
 ざっくり Roughly; loosely; deeply (cut)
 さっぱり Refreshed; trimmed; simple; entirely; not at all
 しっかり Tightly; firmly; steadily
 しっくり Not well
 じっくり Thoroughly; closely
 しっとり Moist; slightly wet
 じっとり Sticky
 しっぽり Moist; delicate (affection)
 すっかり All; quite; completely; perfectly; entirely; utterly; right
 すっきり Neat; refreshed; clean-cut; straightforward
 ずっしり Heavily
 すっぱり Completely; flatly
 すっぽり Completely
 そっくり Living; natural; lifelike; all
 たっぷり Sufficiently; amply; heartly; good
 ちゃっかり Calculating; shrewd; smart; cheeky
 ちょっぴり Little; bit
 てっきり Surely; beyond doubt
 でっぷり Ample; beefy; stout
 どっかり Heavily
 どっきり Be shocked; be frightened
 とっくり Carefully; well
 どっさり Lot of
 どっしり Massively; heavily; dignified
 とっぷり Completely; fully; entirely
 どっぷり Totally (immersed)
 にっこり (Smile) sweetly
 ねっちり Sticky; persistently
 ねっとり Sticky
 のっそり Ponderous; elephantine; sluggishly
 のっぺり Flat
 はっきり Clearly; distinctly; plainly; definitely; sharply; vividly
 ぱっくり Gaping; snapping
 ばったり With a clash; abruptly; unexpectedly
 ぱったり Abruptly; suddenly
 ばっちり Perfectly; properly
 ぱっちり Open wide
 びっしり Closely; densely
 ひっそり Secretly
 ぴったり Close; tightly; snug; exactly
 ぴっちり Tightly; snugly
 ひょっこり Accidentally; by chance
 ふっつり Break; snapping up
 ぷっつり Break; snapping up
 べったり Closely; thickly; hard
 ぺったり Closely; fast
 べっとり Sticky; icky
 ぽっかり Lightly; gaping wide
 ぽっきり Only; merely
 ぽっくり Suddenly
 ほっそり Slender; slim; light
 ぽっちゃり Plump
 ぼってり Fleshy; chubby
 まったり Full-bodily
 みっしり Strictly; fully; closely
 みっちり Strictly; fully
 めっきり Very much; a lot; remarkably
 むっくり Suddenly
 むっちり Plump; chubby
 むっつり Sullen; taciturn; sulky
 やっぱり After all
 ゆっくり Slowly; deliberately; leisurely
 ゆったり Easy; relaxed; comfortable; loose; expansive; full

Examples

 

ゆっくりと話してくれた。
He slowly talked for me.

ゆったりとしたスカートを履(は)く。
To put on a loose skirt.

ゆったり過ごしただけ。
I just passed the day.

国会議員はあっさりやめるべきだ。
The Congressman should readily resign.

みんなカメラの方を見てにっこりしましょう。
Let's all smile towards the camera.

みっしり鍛えれたのかな。
I wonder if he was fully trained?

もっとはっきりと発音しなさい。
Pronounce this more clearly.

一晩ぐっすり眠る。
To get a good night's sleep.

とっくりと話を聞いて。
Listen carefully to me, you hear.

たっぷり5時間も仕事する。
To work a good 5 hours.

がっかりなさったでしょう。
I've disappointed you.

むっくりと起き上がった。
They suddenly got up.

悪道にどっぷりとつかっているだけの男だ。
He is just a man indulged in evil ways.

気分がすっきりする。
To feel refreshed.

一回こっこりでやめるとは臆病だ。
Quitting with one time is cowardly.

ぽっかり穴が開いた。
A hole gaped open.

のっそりと起こす。
To get up sluggishly.

血のりがズボンにべっとりついてしまった。
The blood clot got stuck to the pants.

ひょっこり幸子に出会ったのよ。(Feminine)
I unexpectedly ran into Sachiko.

彼はどっかりと座った。
He sat down heavily.

さっぱりしたいいやつ
A good sport

あいつのなまりはさっぱり分かんねーぞぇ。(Violent)
I don't understand that guys dialect!

めっきり暑くなった.
It's become remarkably hot.

どっさりある。
To have a ton.

しっかりしろ!
Pull yourself together!

うっかりして忘れた。
It slipped my mind.

うっとり眺める。
To ecstatically gaze.

うっとりさせるような声をあげる。
To have an alluring voice.

日がとっぷりと暮れた。
It got completely dark.

のっぺりとした目鼻立ち
Expressionless facial expressions

ちょっぴり皮肉じゃないか?
Isn't that a little ironic?

僕はほっそりとした体格です。
僕は{ほっそり・すらり}としている。
I'm slender.

Exercises

1. Find a Japanese document and see how many 四音副詞 you can. Then, translate them.

I'm Moving!

I will moving the think tank, which is myself, to a new location this weekend and will be low on funds for a while. New lessons are still being made, but any donations at this time would greatly be appreciated.
Aside from the Donation tab, there are also two GoFundMe campaigns to help out. 

https://www.gofundme.com/remastering-japanese-curriculum?utm_source=internal&utm_medium=email&utm_content=campaign_link_t&utm_campaign=welcome

https://www.gofundme.com/fixing-vehicle